Today the security situation in the post-Soviet space is very poor, with persistent unresolved conflicts waiting to flare up. One way forward could be a pan-European conference to openly review the concerns of the countries involved – over economic policies, border issues, security solutions, questions of sovereignty, historical grievances and so on. The trauma of the collapse of the Soviet Union has perhaps been overlooked for too long, both in Moscow and in Brussels. Now could be the time to go back and determine where agreements have been broken and why, which arrangements are toothless and why, what has worked and what has not. The solution to the conflict over Ukraine is key to turning a new page in Russia-EU relations. But can that solution be found without a more comprehensive regional approach? The required process could be initiated within the OSCE framework. One cannot expect quick fixes – but without a process there will never be a solution.